Watch a video of lead author Anita Woolley describing the study's findings, a video of Thomas Malone's presentation at the 2010 World Economic Forum, or a video of Thomas Malone explaining group intelligence.
According to new study co-authored by researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Carnegie Mellon University and Union College, group intelligence may not be quantified as the sum or average of the cognitive abilities of its members.
By studying small teams of randomly assembled individuals, researchers discovered that groups featuring the right kind of internal dynamics perform well on a wide range of assignments, regardless of the sum or average individual cognitive abilities of the group's members.
Further, a group's intelligence, or its ability to complete a series of demanding multi-functional tasks, is positively linked to higher levels of "social sensitivity," a more equal distribution of member participation levels, and to the number of women in a group.
Social scientists had long contended that a measurable level of intelligence in each individual person is a predictive measure of an individual's ability to fare well on diverse cognitive tasks.
"Evidence for a Collective Intelligence Factor in the Performance of Human Groups" has been accepted for publication in the scientific journal Science and was pre-published online in the Sept. 30 Science Express.
Media Contacts Jennifer Hirsch, MIT (617) 253-1682 email@example.com Lisa-Joy Zgorski, NSF (703) 292-8311 firstname.lastname@example.org Mark D. Burd, Carnegie Mellon University's Tepper School of Business (412) 268-3486 email@example.com
Principal Investigators Christopher F. Chabris, Union College (518) 388-6000 firstname.lastname@example.org Anita Williams Woolley, Carnegie Mellon University (412) 268-2287 email@example.com Thomas W. Malone, MIT Center for Collective Intelligence 617-253-6843 firstname.lastname@example.org
Related Websites Science: Evidence for a Collective Intelligence Factor in the Performance of Human Groups: http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/science.1193147 CMU News Release: http://www.cmu.edu/news/ MIT News Release: http://web.mit.edu/press/2010/collective-intel.html
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